Fuels

Name Unit Cost Per Unit Heat Content Per Unit kg CO2 Emissions Factor Per Unit Estimated Escalation Rate
Cordwood cord (~ tonne) 250.0000 5000.000 0.958 1.00%
Pellets tonne 350.0000 5000.000 0.958 1.00%
Oil litre 0.8930 10.778 2.752 1.00%
Propane litre 0.6950 7.031 1.533 1.00%
Electricity kWh 0.1700 1.000 0.040 1.00%


Heating Appliances

Name Fuel Efficiency Type Efficiency Lifetime Years Installed Cost Annual O&M Annual O&M Notes
Wood Stove Cordwood EPA 70 % 15 $6,000.00 $88.00
Pellet Stove Pellets EPA 75 % 15 $6,800.00 $88.00
Oil Furnace Oil AFUE 85 % 15 $8,000.00 $700.00
Propane Furnace Propane AFUE 96 % 15 $6,500.00 $350.00
Propane Boiler Propane AFUE 96 % 15 $6,500.00 $0.00
Electric Baseboards Electricity Estimate 100 % 15 $3,000.00 $0.00
Electric Furnace Electricity Estimate 100 % 15 $3,500.00 $0.00
Air Source Heat Pump Electricity HSPF 240 % 15 $20,000.00 $200.00
Ground Source Heat Pump Electricity COP 330 % 15 $30,000.00 $0.00


Heat Loads

Construction Type Home Size Heat Load
Older Home (pre-1980s) Smaller (1,600 sf) 35,600
Older Home (pre-1980s) Medium (2,000 sf) 41,800
Older Home (pre-1980s) Larger (3,000 sf) 55,900
Newer Home (1980s and newer) Smaller (1,600 sf) 25,400
Newer Home (1980s and newer) Medium (2,000 sf) 29,800
Newer Home (1980s and newer) Larger (3,000 sf) 39,900
Energy Efficient Home (Whitehorse Green Building Standard) Smaller (1,600 sf) 15,100
Energy Efficient Home (Whitehorse Green Building Standard) Medium (2,000 sf) 17,000
Energy Efficient Home (Whitehorse Green Building Standard) Larger (3,000 sf) 22,500
Highly Energy Efficient Home (YHCo SuperGreen Standard) Smaller (1,600 sf) 11,400
Highly Energy Efficient Home (YHCo SuperGreen Standard) Medium (2,000 sf) 13,100
Highly Energy Efficient Home (YHCo SuperGreen Standard) Larger (3,000 sf) 17,000

Annual Heat Load based on selecting "Home size/type" is modeled using BEopt 2.2.0.1 based on Home Size and Construction Type assumptions outlined below.

Home Size
Small Home – 1,600 sf, 800’ footprint @ 32’ x 25’, 2 stories
Medium Home – 2,000 total sf, 1,000’ footprint @ 36’ x 28’, 2 stories
Large Home – 3,000 sf, 1,500’ footprint @ 47’ x 32’, 2 stories

Construction Type
Older Home (pre-1980s) – 2x4 walls (R11), uninsulated slab, ceiling (R40), 7 ACH (@50Pa)
Newer Home (1980s and newer) – 2x6 walls (R21), 2ft perimeter slab insulation (R5), ceiling (R40), 5ACH (@50Pa)
Energy Efficient Home (Whitehorse Green Building Standard) – 2x6 walls (R28), whole slab (R10), ceiling (R60), 1.5 ACH (@50Pa)
Highly Energy Efficient Home (YHCo SuperGreen Standard) – Double stud wall (R60), whole slab (R10), ceiling (R80), 1.5 ACH (@50Pa)



The Energy Solutions Centre would like to acknowledge the work of Juergen Korn, Yukon Housing Corporation, and Forest Pearson, Old Way of Seeing, that helped inform the design of this tool.